Your chances of developing diabetes type 2 depends on a combination of risk factors such as genes and your lifestyle. Although you can not change risk factors such as family history, age, or ethnicity, you can change the lifestyle risk factors around eating, physical activity, and body weight. Lifestyle changes can affect your chances of developing diabetes type 2.
Read more about the risk factors for diabetes type 2 below and see which one applies to you. Take action on those factors that help you delay or prevent diabetes type 2.
You are more likely will develop diabetes type 2 if you
- overweight or obese
- aged 45 or over
- have a family history of diabetes
- are African-American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic / Latino, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- have high blood pressure
- have high levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol is low, or high triglycerides
- have a history of gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more
- physically inactive
- have a history of heart disease or stroke
- suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome, also called PCOS
- have acanthosis nigricans — dark skin, thick, and velvet around the neck or armpits
You can also follow the Diabetes Risk Test to learn your risk for diabetes type 2. To see whether your weight is at risk of developing diabetes type 2, find your height in the graph of Body Mass Index (BMI) below. If your weight is equal to or more than the weight listed, you have a greater chance of developing the disease.